“Safety of Vital Activity and Civil Protection”
The purpose of teaching the discipline “Safety of Life and Civil Protection” is to provide students with deep up-to-date knowledge of the theoretical basis of the safety of life and civil defense and develop the skills, necessary for future practical work of specialists, in solving problems of protecting people and their living environment.
The main aims of the study of the discipline “Safety of Life and Civil Protection” are to master knowledge, acquire skills and abilities for solving professional problems with the obligatory consideration of industry sector requirements for the safety of personnel and protection of the population in dangerous and emergency situations. Another aim is to generate a motivation to increase personal responsibility for providing the guaranteed level of safety of the functioning of industry objects, material and cultural values within the limits of scientifically substantiated acceptable risk criteria.
90 hours (14 hours of lectures, 16 hours of practical classes) / 3 credits of ECTS are allocated for studying the discipline.
“Principles of Occupational Safety”
The aim of the course is to study the fundamentals of Ukraine’s legislation on labor protection, and on this basis, the adoption of comprehensive legislative, administrative, engineering, sanitary and hygienic measures aimed at preventing occupational injuries, occupational poisoning and other negative influences of harmful organizations of the production environment.
Prevention of negative influence of harmful production factors is based on knowledge of the fundamental principles of air hygiene, lighting, water supply, occupational hygiene, etc.
The main objectives of the course are acquiring of the necessary knowledge and skills in the specific prevention of the negative impact of harmful industrial factors in the work, investigation of cases of violations of safety and health regulations, and the development of appropriate proposals and recommendations, etc.
“Occupational Safety in Industry”
The purpose of the discipline is to familiarize students with the issues of occupational safety, the use of which in the course of work will contribute to improving working conditions, increasing labor productivity, preventing occupational diseases, occupational injuries, accidents, etc.
The main objective of studying the discipline is to acquaint students with the concept of management system of labor protection in the industry, its purpose, structure and functioning; current legislative and other normative-legal acts on labor protection in the industry; state supervisory bodies of labor protection in the management system of labor protection in the industry; the state of working conditions and its improvement in the industry; traumatic and fire hazardous factors and the state of occupational injuries in the industry; increase in labor safety and occupational injuries prevention in the industry.
Another objective is to teach students to evaluate the dynamics of efficiency and to justify proposals for improving the management system of labor protection in the field of physical culture, sports and tourism.
Scientific research work
The research work is carried out at the department within the teachers’ working hours.
Scientific and methodological approaches to professional risk management (state registration number 0113U000790)
Issues regarding the assessment and minimization of occupational risks in various fields, despite the large number of scientific papers, remain relevant, especially in relation to new areas such as information technology and nanotechnology. The issue of rationing of new materials (nanotechnology products), for instance, remains open. The fact that existing approaches do not take into account the physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles and the peculiarities of their biological effects complicates the risk assessment by means of traditional methodology. The size, shape and density of nanoparticles must be taken into account when calculating the maximum permissible concentrations.
It should be noted that risk assessment and management requires a much larger database of experimental data currently accumulated on this problem.
The available in the literature data on methods for occupational risks managing are currently collected and systematized. In the field of technology, for example, when producing semiconductor devices, as well as their researching, in most cases, scientists work with polycrystalline materials, the size of which crystals are dozens of nanometers, and their composition includes such elements as mercury, lead, chlorine, fluorine and others. These substances are extremely hazardous and highly dangerous. The physical and chemical properties of nanoparticles, their size, shape, and specific surface are not typically taken into account during the risk assessment. In order to minimize the impact of harmful and dangerous factors, it is necessary to use a complex of such measures as revitalizing air in the environment, the implementation of new technique and technologies, the use of personal protective equipment. Particular attention should be paid to the implementation of remote technology, as well as the implementation of work in closed installations, without transferring materials through the air. The method of operational forecasting of the consequences of industrial accidents and disasters with the leakage of chemically dangerous substances is developed. There was created a program in VBA language to automate the calculation of the area of a possible and predicted zone of chemical contamination of hazardous chemicals and the width of the predicted zone of chemical contamination.
This calculation method demonstrates the methodological ways of optimizing measures and means aimed at localization and elimination of the consequences of emergencies of anthropogenic nature caused by the leakage of accidentally chemically hazardous substances, as well as reducing the probability of errors in these calculations caused by human factor.